Although you may be under the impression that diabetes is one disease it’s in fact more than that. The type of treatment that is given will differ depending on the diabetes that a person has and for that reason it’s important to establish which type a person is suffering with. When it comes to diabetes there are 2 main types but each of these kinds of diabetes can be called a number of names. So for instance type 1 diabetes might also be referred to as; insulin dependent diabetes (IDDM) or juvenile onset diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can also be called; non insulin dependent diabetes (NIDDM) or adult onset diabetes.
What is Diabetes
Diabetes is a condition and it limits a person’s ability to moderate the amount of sugar that is in their blood stream. If diabetes is not controlled, the sugar in the blood can get too high and this may result in a person’s eyesight going or they could even lose their limbs. A person can die if their blood sugar is persistently high. Low blood sugar is equally as dangerous because it can make us collapse and even fall into a coma.
The hormone generally known as insulin in the body is what regulates the blood sugar levels in the body. Insulin is made by the pancreas and it’s the blood sugar levels in the body which determines how much insulin is released by the body. When blood sugar gets too high, more insulin is released by the body to get things under control. A person with diabetes does not have the required amount of insulin to do this.
The Different Sorts of Diabetes
With type 1 diabetes the pancreas is not producing insulin to manage the blood sugar levels within the body. Because type 1 diabetes is normally noticed when a child is quite young, it’s also called juvenile onset diabetes. Most people with type 1 diabetes will have to take insulin injections for their whole life. This would also explain the other name – insulin dependent diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes tends to occur in adulthood and thus you have the name adult onset diabetes. The pancreas of a person with type 2 diabetes can produce insulin but just not enough to control the blood sugar in the body. This type of diabetes is not normally treated with insulin injections and that’s why it’s often referred to as non insulin dependent diabetes. The normal course of treatment for type 2 diabetes will be medication with changes to diet.
Treatment of Diabetes
The aim of all diabetes treatment is usually to keep blood sugar levels within safe limits. This can be hard in the beginning and the medical professional may need to experiment in order to find the solution that works best. The insulin used to treat Type 1 diabetes will vary and it will typically be comprised of short but fast acting insulin. If a person has type 2 diabetes then it will likely be necessary to get the right medication and to be sure the person is eating the right diet.
Being a diabetic person need not hinder your fondness of food. You’ll be thrilled to know there may be a diabetic diet will allow you to eat what you want without the need of affecting your circumstance detrimentally.